Cross Stitch Guide

Le 16 March 2017
Cross Stitch

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    Free-Patterns-&-Tutorials (1)Cross Stitch Guide

    This guide is all about cross stitching—stitches, instructions, tips—everything you need to know to get started. Have a read and start your cross stitch journey!   In Line Waste Knot Method [caption id="attachment_6348" align="aligncenter" width="650"]In Line Waste Knot Method In Line Waste Knot Method[/caption] This is a great technique for beginners to start with. It’s best used when you’re starting a new design or want to begin stitching in a new area of your project. Here’s how to conquer this method:
      1. Knot the end of your thread and take your needle from the front to the back (about 1” or so from your starting point), running the thread along the same line you plan to stitch.
      2. Bring the needle up to the front of the fabric at the starting point of your first cross stitch.
      3. Stitch towards the knot. Make sure to secure each stitch by crossing the thread on the back.
      4. When your stitching reaches the knot, pull the knot up and clip it off (do this close to the fabric).
      5. Continue stitching.
        Away Knot Method [caption id="attachment_6347" align="aligncenter" width="650"]Away Knot Method Away Knot Method[/caption] The Away Knot is another great way to start a pattern or to begin stitching in a new area of a design. Follow these steps:  
    1. Knot the end of the thread. Take the needle from the front side onto the back several inches away from your starting point.
    2. Start stitching.
    3. Once you’re finished stitching with that thread, pull the knot up and clip it off.
    4. Turn your work over, re-thread the needle with the remaining thread, and weave it through several stitches on the backside to secure it.
      Stitching Over Method   To tackle this method, follow these steps:
    1. Pull your threaded needle up onto the front side of the fabric, leaving a one-inch tail of thread on the back.
    2. Hold the tail of thread against the back of the fabric in the direction you plan to stitch. Work the first four to five stitches over it so that it’s secured in place. Check the back of your design to ensure that your stitches are covering the thread (clip any loose ends before continuing to stitch).
    Note: Once you’ve started your project you can secure new threads by weaving the thread under several adjacent stitches on the back.
      1. Continue stitching.
        Stitch Tip: Start stitching the design in the center of the fabric and work outwards toward the edges. We like this technique because there is nothing worse than miscalculating the amount of fabric you need.     Stitching Cross Stitch Cross stitch is worked in horizontal rows from left to right. Here are the steps you should follow (refer to the image below):  
      1. Bring the needle up at point 1 (the lower left hole of one square of the fabric).
      2. Bring the needle down at point 2 (the upper right hole of one square of the fabric).
      3. Bring you needle back up at 3 and then down at 4, up at 5 and then down at 6.
      4. Complete the row.
      5. Your return row is stitched right to left. Make crosses by bringing the needle up at 9 and down at 10, up at 11 and then down at 12.
      6. Complete the return row and repeat the stitching sequence until the area is stitched as charted.
      [caption id="attachment_6346" align="aligncenter" width="315"]Cross Stitching Cross Stitching[/caption]   Stitch Tips:  
      1. Make sure your stitches lie flat. If your thread becomes twisted while you’re stitching, drop your needle and allow it to hang freely. The thread will untwist all by itself!
      2. Make sure your stitches are crossed in the same direction.
      3. Keep tension on the stitches while you’re cross stitching the design.
      4. Work the design area first and any plain background last.
      5. Work on darker colors before the lighter colors.
      6. Sometimes you may want to jump around and stitch areas of the same color. This is fine and can be easier than stopping and starting to change thread. Be aware however, that when you carry the floss along the back it can sometimes be seen through the fabric. Only carry thread to another area if your jumping around is short and the thread is a light color.
          Ending a Thread [caption id="attachment_6345" align="aligncenter" width="468"]Ending a Thread Ending a Thread[/caption] To end a thread, run your threaded needle under the last few stitches on the back of the fabric. Clip off the excess thread. Then, after you’ve rethreaded your needle, run it under several stitches on the back. This will secure the thread. Resume stitching!     Half Stitch The half stitch is a simple diagonal stitch. It’s most commonly worked in horizontal rows. When a design calls for a half stitch, you’ll usually find that it’s listed under a separate heading in the color key and indicated on the chart by a diagonal colored line.   Stitch Tip: Some designers use half stitches as a way to create a sense of depth in the pattern.   Here are the steps to making a half stitch:  
      1. Bring the needle up from the back of the fabric at 1, then down at 2.
      2. Bring the needle back up at 3, then down at 4.
      3. Complete the row.
      4. The return row is stitched in reverse and from right to left.
      5. Bring your needle up at 11 and down at 12.
      6. Bring it back up at 13 and then down at 14.
      7. Complete the return row and repeat the stitching sequence until the area is stitched as charted.
    [caption id="attachment_6344" align="aligncenter" width="315"]Stitching a Half Stitch Stitching a Half Stitch[/caption]     Quarter Stitch To make a quarter stitch, follow these steps:  
      1. Bring the needle up from the lower left hole of the square.
      2. Bring the needle down the center of that same square.
      [caption id="attachment_6343" align="aligncenter" width="300"]Stitching a Quarter Stitch Stitching a Quarter Stitch[/caption]   Stitch Tips:  
      1. Quarter stitches may be stitched from any corner of the Aida square.
      2. Use a smaller size needle when stitching quarter stitches.
      3. Do your best not to pierce the fibers in the center of the square. Instead, wiggle the needle to shift the fibers and slip the needle between them.
          Three-Quarter Stitch A three-quarter stitch is usually created by stitching the short arm first (like a quarter stitch). It’s completed with a half stitch to make the other two arms. Here are the steps you should follow:  
      1. Bring the needle up at the lower left hole of the square of the fabric.
      2. Bring the needle down into the upper right hole of the same square in the fabric.
      3. Bring the needle up at the lower right hole of the square.
      4. Bring the needle down into the middle of the half stitch you created.
        Stitch Tips:  
      1. Three-quarter stitches may be stitched in any direction.
      2. If you want to make fractional stitches on Aida fabric, we recommend using a needle that’s small in size (try numbers 26 or 28).
          Back Stitch This stitch is worked from right to left. Here’s how to create this stitch:  
      1. Bring your needle up at 1 and then back down at 2.
      2. Move left, bringing your needle up at 3 and then back down at 1.
      3. Continue the stitching sequence.
    [caption id="attachment_6342" align="aligncenter" width="301"]The Back Stitch The Back Stitch[/caption]   Stitch Tip:  
      1. A back stitch is indicated on a cross stitch chart by a line.
      2. When the chart shows a symbol over a square and the symbol is the same on both sides of the back stitch symbol, the chart is telling you to make a cross stitch in that square and then add a back stitch last.
          French Knots The French knot is often used in cross stitch designs as a way to create extra detailing and dimension. Here’s how to make a French knot:  
      1. Bring the needle up 1.
      2. Hold your thread taut with your opposite hand and wrap the thread twice around the end of the needle.
      3. Gently pull the thread so that the wrapped threads tighten.
      4. While holding the thread taut, insert the needle right next to 1.
      5. Pull your thread through onto the backside until the knot is formed and lies securely on the fabric’s surface.
    [caption id="attachment_6341" align="aligncenter" width="299"]Making a French Knot Making a French Knot[/caption]     Stitch Tips:  
    1. A bold dot on the design indicates a French knot is required.
    2. If you want to make a larger knot, wrap the thread around the needle a couple of extra times or use a thicker thread.
      Embellishments Now that you’re cross stitching like a boss, why not embellish a little? One way we love beautifying a design is by using glass seed beads. When attaching the beads with cross stitches, work all the first diagonal parts of the cross stitches. Then attach the beads when you work back across the row. You can also use bugle beads, crystals, charms, and small buttons for snazzying up a design. Three-dimensional adornments add texture and can give a project the perfect finishing touch.   Stitch Tip: If you decide to use glass beads, make sure you choose ones that are high quality—plastic beads can melt when ironed (yikes!).  

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